Click here to Download a pdf version of the NCBC BY-LAWS
As Approved July 17, 2014
SECTION 1: OBJECTIVES
The National Conference of Bankruptcy Clerks (NCBC) is a professional association committed to the professional improvement of its members, the continued improvement of the federal judiciary and the bankruptcy system of the United States of America. The NCBC is formed, in part, to provide its members certain membership benefits, such as the opportunity to participate in voluntary benefit programs sponsored and endorsed by the NCBC.
SECTION 2: OFFICES
2.1 PRINCIPAL OFFICE
The conference shall maintain a principal office at the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Middle District of North Carolina, Federal Law Center, 101 South Edgeworth St., Greensboro, NC 27401-2219. It shall be the duty of the Secretary to notify the Secretary of State of North Carolina should the NCBC change its address.
2.2 OTHER OFFICES
Other designated offices shall be at the U.S. Bankruptcy Court where each Officer of the Conference serves, the address of the Business Manager, or, at such other places as the Officer or the Board of Governors may designate.
SECTION 3: MEMBERS
3.1 GENERAL MEMBERSHIP
General Membership in the conference shall be open to any individual employed in the Clerk's Office of any United States Court, on an active, permanent appointment, who has made application for membership and who is current in paying the requisite membership dues.
3.2 EMERITUS MEMBERSHIP
Members who retire from federal service or resign from office, without cause, may continue as members emeriti with voting privileges so long as they are current in paying the requisite membership dues.
3.3 ADJUNCT MEMBERSHIP
Adjunct Membership shall be open to any court employee employed in a federal, state or local court system. Adjunct members shall be eligible for a nonvoting adjunct membership and will not be required to pay dues.
3.4 ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP
Any person not eligible for membership under Sections 3.1, 3.2, or 3.3 shall be eligible for a nonvoting associate membership so long as they are current in paying the requisite membership dues.
3.5 HONORARY MEMBERSHIP
The President, with the consent of the Board, may confer honorary membership in the Conference upon any person. Honorary membership does not include voting privileges.
3.6 TERMINATION OF NCBC MEMBERSHIP
Section 9.3 applies.
3.7 VOTING RIGHTS
Each general member and each emeritus member shall be entitled to one vote on each matter submitted to a vote of the membership.
3.8 TRANSACTING BUSINESS GENERALLY
The Conference membership may transact any or all business at a membership meeting, by mail or by electronic means, such as e-mail. All matters not specifically reserved in other sections of the By-Laws for action by the Board of Governors shall be matters that the Conference membership may act upon. The election of the Conference's Board of Governors and the adoption of Membership Resolutions shall be matters that only the membership as a group can act upon.
3.9 ANNUAL CONFERENCE AND EDUCATIONAL MEETING
An Annual Conference and Educational Meeting of the full membership of the Conference shall be held at a place and time designated by a majority of the Board of Governors. Other general membership meetings may be held upon a Board of Governors resolution to that effect. The Secretary, or a designee, shall give not less than 30-days notice to all members as to the time and
place of membership meetings. In order for the membership to transact business at a membership meeting, a quorum composed of a majority of those members registered for the meeting is required. Voting by proxy will not be allowed.
3.10 TRANSACTING BUSINESS BY EMAIL OR MAIL
To be enacted by email or mail, a matter must receive the majority vote of voting members provided that a quorum of at least ten per cent (10%) of the eligible members actually votes. The Secretary, or a designee, shall give not less than 20-days notice to all members as to the voting deadline for business transacted by email or mail. If less than a quorum of ten per cent (10%) vote, then a second call to vote will be solicited or the business shall be deferred until the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting or until the next general membership meeting.
SECTION 4: LEADERSHIP
4.1 BOARD OF GOVERNORS
The Conference shall be led and managed by its Board of Governors, which shall be composed of four Officers as provided for in section 5 and six additional members as provided for in section 6.
4.2 VOTING RIGHTS
Each member of the Board of Governors, except the immediate past president of the Conference, shall be entitled to one vote on each matter submitted either to a vote of the Officers or to a vote of the Board.
4.3 TRANSACTING BUSINESS GENERALLY
The Board of Governors may transact business at a Board Meeting, by mail, by telephone or by any electronic means. The expenditure of Conference funds for expenses of any member of the Conference can be approved at the discretion of the Board or Officers upon unanimous agreement of the Officers or two-thirds of the Board of Governors. Reimbursement of member expenses arising from attendance at meetings, seminars or conferences may be approved at times and in such amounts at the discretion of the Board or Officers upon agreement as stated above. Payment of grants in aid to members or nonmembers may also be made at the discretion of the Board or Officers from time to time in such amounts and upon such requirements as the Board or Officers may determine. A Board of Governors Resolution shall be a matter that only the Board of Governors can act upon, and can be approved only by the agreement of the majority of the Board of Governors.
The Board of Governors may hold a meeting whenever three-quarters of the Board request a meeting. The place and time of a Board meeting shall be as agreed to by a majority of those members of the Board calling for the meeting. At least one week notice of a meeting shall be given by the Secretary to the Board of Governors, and shall contain the purpose(s) for which the meeting has been scheduled. In order for the Board to transact business at a meeting, a quorum - composed of two-thirds of the voting Board members - is required to be present. Expenses of the participants in the meeting, or a portion thereof, shall be payable out of Conference funds only upon unanimous agreement of the Officers or two-thirds of the Board of Governors.
4.5 TRANSACTING BUSINESS BY MAIL OR ELECTRONIC MEANS
A matter acted upon by mail or electronic means, such as e-mail, by the Board of Governors shall require the same vote as otherwise required elsewhere in section 4.
4.6 TRANSACTING BUSINESS BY TELEPHONE
The procedures for the Board of Governors transacting business by telephone shall be the same as those provided for in section 4.5, with the additional requirement that the minutes of all meetings must reflect how each Board member voted on each matter brought forth for a vote.
Any member of the Board of Governors may resign at any time by giving a written notice of such resignation to the President, or to the President-Elect if the President is tendering a resignation.
4.8 REMOVAL OF A MEMBER OF BOARD OF GOVERNORS
Upon the agreement of two-thirds of the Board of Governors, or upon a vote of a majority of the full membership of the Conference, any member of the Board of Governors may be removed for conduct detrimental to the interests of the conference, for lack of sympathy with its objectives, or for refusal to render reasonable assistance in carrying out its purposes. Any member who is removed by a Board of Governor vote may, within 5 business days of notification of such vote, submit a written request to the President that the entire Conference membership ratify the removal by a majority vote of the Conference membership which votes on such ratification. Any member of the Board of Governors proposed to be removed shall be entitled to at least five days written notice by mail of the meeting at which such removal is to be voted upon, and shall be entitled to be heard or present written documentation in opposition to such removal.
SECTION 5: OFFICERS
5.1 DESIGNATION OF TITLE
The Officers of the Conference shall be a President, President-Elect, Secretary, and Treasurer. The Officers shall be elected by the full membership of the Conference in a manner prescribed in sections 3 and 8. No member may simultaneously hold more than one office in the Conference.
5.2 SALARIES AND COMPENSATION
The Officers shall not be entitled to a salary for their service as Officers of the Conference. The Officers may receive reimbursement for their expenses, or a portion thereof, incurred in connection with their attendance at meetings or their transacting business of the Conference, as provided for in sections 4.3 and 4.4.
The President-Elect shall fill a vacancy in the Office of the President automatically for the duration of the former President's term of office; the ascending President-Elect shall be eligible to continue in office as President for the unexpired portion of the term and for the succeeding two-year term. A vacancy in the Office of the President-Elect, Secretary or Treasurer shall be filled for the duration of the former incumbent's term of office by a majority vote of the Board of Governors.
5.4 TERMS OF OFFICE
The term of office for the officers (President, President-Elect, Secretary, and Treasurer) shall begin at the close of the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting in the year in which their elections are held, and shall conclude at the close of the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting in the second year following the year in which their elections were held.
5.5 DUTIES OF THE PRESIDENT
The President shall be the chief executive officer and preside at meetings of the membership, all Board meetings and officers meetings. The President shall sign all instruments requiring execution on behalf of the corporation, and shall sign all Resolutions approved by the Conference. The President shall perform all duties imposed by the Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws. The President is empowered to speak on behalf of the Conference, and the President's action shall be binding upon the Conference until such time as the membership or the Board of Governors approves a Resolution disavowing a President's action. The President is empowered to act for the Board when time is of the essence and the Board cannot timely meet, subject to any ratifying vote deemed appropriate by the Board at a later time.
5.6 DUTIES OF THE PRESIDENT-ELECT
The President-Elect shall perform those tasks specifically assigned to him/her by the President, one of which shall be to supervise the work of the Committees described in section 11. In addition, the President-Elect shall perform the duties of the President during the absence or disability of the President.
5.7 DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY
The Secretary shall maintain minutes of all meetings and will provide a copy of the minutes to the Board for approval on a monthly basis. The Secretary shall be primarily responsible for seeing that an annual election is conducted as provided in section 8. The Secretary shall maintain a copy of all official correspondence issuing from the Conference. The Secretary preserves the records of all meetings of the Association with the records of the past two years going to the successor. All other records go to the Historian.
5.8 DUTIES OF THE TREASURER
The Treasurer shall maintain complete and accurate records of the Conference's financial affairs, and shall furnish a report of the financial condition of the Conference to the President within two weeks following the end of every month. The Treasurer shall prepare (or ensure accurate preparation of) and file such tax returns as may be required of the corporation by law. The Treasurer shall prepare and distribute to the full voting membership semi-annually a summary report of the financial transactions of the Conference. The Treasurer shall perform an audit of the records of the Business Manager every other year. The audit shall be timed to be concurrent with an incoming President's term. Audit results shall be provided to the new President.
5.9 PARLIAMENTARIAN AND RULES OF ORDER
Upon taking office, the President may appoint a Parliamentarian from the general membership of the Conference, exclusive of members of the Board of Governors. The term of office of the Parliamentarian shall be the same as that of the President who made the appointment. Robert's Rules of Order shall be the Conference's Official Guide to Parliamentary Procedure. These rules of order shall be effective at both the meetings of the membership and the meetings of the Board of Governors.
The only qualifications for an individual to serve as an Officer of the Conference are that such individual shall be a member of the Conference under Section 3.1 with voting privileges and remain current with his/her dues payment during the period of holding office. An Officer that retires from federal service during their term will be allowed to complete their term.
SECTION 6: BOARD OF GOVERNORS
6.1 COMPOSITION OF BOARD OF GOVERNORS
The Board of Governors shall be composed of ten Conference members, four of whom shall be the four officers of the Conference; one of whom shall be the immediate past president of the Conference, who shall be an ex officio non-voting member; the remaining five members of the Board of Governors shall be elected at-large from among Conference membership. At least one of the at-large members shall be a deputy clerk. Members on the Board of Governors shall be permitted to serve without regard to circuit representation.
6.2 SALARIES AND COMPENSATION
The members of the Board of Governors shall not be entitled to a salary for their service as the members of the Board of Governors of the Conference. The Governors may receive reimbursement for their expenses, or a portion thereof, incurred in connection with their attendance at meetings or their transacting business of the Conference, as provided for in sections 4.3 and 4.4.
A vacancy in the Board of Governors shall be filled for the duration of the former Governor's term of office by an individual appointed by the President with approval of a majority of the Board of Governors.
6.4 TERMS OF OFFICE
The terms of office for members of the Board of Governors who are not Officers shall begin at the close of the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting in the year in which their elections are held, and shall conclude at the close of the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting in the second year following the year in which their elections were held.
6.5 DUTIES OF THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS
Each Governor shall be primarily responsible for undertaking at least one project, assigned or designated by the President or agreed upon by a majority of the Governors. The Board of Governors, individually and as a body, shall assist the President in formulating policy for the Conference.
The only qualifications for an individual to serve as a Governor in the Conference are that such individual shall be a member of the Conference under Section 3.1 with voting privileges and remain current with his/her dues payment during the period of holding office. An Officer that retires from federal service during their term will be allowed to complete their term.
SECTION 7. STAFF TO THE BOARD
7.1 COMPOSITION OF STAFF TO THE BOARD
The Staff to the Board including Business Manager, Impact Editor, Historian and Website Administrator will be composed of conference members as deemed necessary by the Board.
7.2 SALARIES AND COMPENSATION
The Staff to the Board shall not be entitled to a salary for their service, except for the Business Manager who shall receive a stipend as established by the Board. The Staff may receive reimbursement for their expenses, or a portion thereof, incurred in connection with their attendance at meetings or their transacting business of the Conference, as provided for in sections 4.3 and 4.4.
7.3 TERMS OF OFFICE
The President may appoint these positions after completion of an application process and after consultation with and approval by the Board. The incumbents will serve at the pleasure of the President and the Board. If the incoming President desires to continue to staff these positions, the Board will determine when those positions will be reopened for new applicants, identify any and all prerequisite requirements or qualifications and determine the application process. Staff positions shall be reopened to the membership no less than every three (3) years with the opportunity for incumbents to reapply. The Staff will not have any voting rights other than general membership voting rights, but will attend the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting and any other meetings as approved by the Board.
7.4 DUTIES OF THE HISTORIAN
The Historian shall maintain an historical record of the NCBC. The Historian shall document the activities of the NCBC by taking and retaining photos, including video, of NCBC events – specifically the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting – and by generally collecting items of interest, such as copies of The IMPACT, flyers, programs, letters of acknowledgment, newspaper articles, etc. The Historian shall be responsible for the manner in which information will be collected and maintained and shall report on these at the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting. The Historian shall coordinate efforts with the IMPACT editor to provide materials for publishing and respond to official requests for historical records and information.
7.5 DUTIES OF THE BUSINESS MANAGER
The Business Manager shall collect membership dues, maintain the NCBC membership database, prepare and distribute certificates of membership and determine annually the percentage of NCBC membership of the onBoard staff of each Clerk's Office and provide that information to the Chair of the Awards Committee not later than 30 days prior to the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting. The Business Manager shall maintain such checking and savings accounts as he/she deems necessary and appropriate for the benefit of the Conference. The Business Manager will also cooperate with the Treasurer during regular audits of these accounts. The Business Manager shall process all invoices and perform reconciliation of accounts receivable and payable under the supervision and oversight of the Treasurer. The Business Manager shall also act as the conference registrar for the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting by handling registration fees and all other associated transactions. All financial and Conference records of the association – except for those maintained by the Treasurer – shall, with the approval of the Board, be held at the Business Manager's location.
7.6 DUTIES OF THE IMPACT EDITOR
The Impact Editor shall author and edit articles submitted for inclusion in the organization's newsletter, The Impact. The Editor will plan the content, produce the newsletter in print or web-based format, and publish it on a regular or as needed basis. The Editor may be called upon by the President or majority of the Board to send messages out to the the membership. The Editor will receive inquiries from the general membership and will refer the member, as necessary, to the subject matter expert.
7. 7 DUTIES OF THE WEBSITE ADMINISTRATOR
The Website Administrator shall be responsible for the administrative and operational responsibilities associated with the software application that NCBC utilizes to communicate with our membership. These duties include the creation, editing and updating of the website and forms which allow the membership to view information on upcoming conferences, newsletters, offerings, email lists and membership information. The Website Administrator Liaison is responsible for communication directly with Memberclicks, and will act as the resource to the Board to help develop necessary information or forms as directed. Major duties will include: assistance in creating membership forms and communication vehicles for the membership committee, assistance in creating the annual conference registration form, as well as reports and communication vehicles for the annual conference committee, recommending appropriate communication vehicles and generate reports to the Board, and developing and editing the NCBC official website.
The only qualification for an individual to apply for a Staff position to the Board of Governors is that such individual shall be a member in good standing of the Conference with voting privileges and, if appointed, remain current with his/her dues throughout the appointment.
SECTION 8: ELECTIONS
8.1 CONDUCTING OF ELECTIONS
An election of those Officers and Governors with expiring terms shall be conducted in a manner described in Section 3.8, and shall be concluded at least 30 days prior to the beginning of the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting. The candidates receiving the greatest number of votes from those entitled to vote and voting shall be elected. In the event that there are more than two candidates for at-large Governor position(s), if no current at-large position is held by a deputy clerk, then the deputy clerk receiving the greatest number of individual votes shall fill one of the open at-large governor position(s). In the event of a tie for a specific position, a new run-off election for such position shall be held.
8.2 CANDIDATE RECRUITMENT COMMITTEE
The President (or his/her designee) shall appoint a Candidate Recruitment Committee by March 15, if needed for the purpose of securing willing candidates for positions for which the election is to be held. The Candidate Recruitment committee shall be composed of not less than three Conference members, none of whom are members of the Board of Governors. At the conclusion of the period for the declarations of candidacy as provided in 8.3, if there are an insufficient number of candidates for the positions to be elected, the Candidate Recruitment Committee shall prepare and submit to the President a list of one or more names of candidates for each position to be elected. If no candidates are forthcoming within 15 days of the Candidate Recruitment Committee being formed, the position will be reopened for a period of 15 days or the incumbent may choose to declare candidacy for the position at the end of the 15 day period.
8.3 DECLARATION OF CANDIDACY
By February 15th, the Secretary shall notify members that they have 30 days in which they may declare candidacy for any office and submit their statements of candidacy. The statement of candidacy should describe the candidate's interest in serving in the position sought and must be submitted to the Secretary. Such notification may be included in the Conference newsletter to general membership or by any means appropriate. Any Conference member, who is current with his/her dues, including incumbents, may declare candidacy. No member may declare candidacy for more than one office, except that a member may concurrently be a candidate for the Board of Governors and one of the offices listed in section 5.1.
8.4 STATEMENTS OF CANDIDATES
On or before the transmittal of the election ballots to the membership, the Secretary shall ensure that the candidates' statements are available for viewing by the general membership and are posted on the NCBC website.
8.5 ELECTION BALLOTS
The Secretary shall prepare election ballots containing the names of declared candidates and the deadline for voting, and shall transmit the ballots to all members of the Conference eligible to vote. At the conclusion of the election process, the Secretary shall certify the results of the voting to the President. The President shall be responsible for notifying the candidates of the election results prior to the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting.
8.6 CONSECUTIVE TERMS
The Secretary, Treasurer, and an at-large member of the Board of Governors may run for one additional term at the conclusion of his/her initial two-year term. In all other circumstances, there shall be at least one intervening year between terms of an individual holding the same office. Except if no other candidates declare candidacy for an available position within the prescribed open period as outlined in Sections 8.2 and 8.3, then the incumbent may declare candidacy for that available position if he or she so desires.
SECTION 9: DUES
9.1 ANNUAL DUES
The annual dues for the membership commencing January 1 and ending December 31 of each year shall be determined by the Board of Governors for each category of membership established by the Board. The categories and amount of dues shall be periodically published in the conference newsletter, The Impact, and on the application for membership forms. The membership period shall run January 1 to December 31 for the number of years included in the dues payment. A statement of membership renewal and dues payment will be emailed to the member at least 30 days prior to the expiration of each member's membership period.
9.2 PAYMENT OF DUES
Dues for a member of the Conference shall become due at the time the statements of membership renewal are delivered as per section 9.1. Dues for any applicant for membership are due in full at the time of application and payment of such dues will provide membership for one year from the date of payment, or for the number of years that are included in the renewal payment.
9.3 DEFAULT OF MEMBERSHIP
If renewal dues are not paid by March 1 of the year at the time in which they become due, the membership shall become inactive.
9.4 REFUNDS AND INCREASED RATES
Partial refunds will not be made nor increased rates charged due to change in membership status within a given year.
9.5 EXCEPTION TO MEMBERSHIP DUES
Upon request of the court hosting the current year's Annual Conference and Educational Meeting, the Board of Governors may extend an exception of membership dues to those employees of the host court serving as volunteers at the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting.
SECTION 10: MISCELLANEOUS
10.1 AMENDING THE BY-LAWS OR ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION
The Conference membership by a majority vote, may make, amend, and repeal the By-Laws of the corporation or amend the Articles of Incorporation, and all By-Laws and amendments to the Articles of Incorporation made by the Governors may be altered or repealed in the same manner. Subject to the aforesaid, the Board of Governors shall have the power to make, amend and repeal the Articles of Incorporation or By-Laws of the Corporation by vote of a majority of the Board, at a meeting of the Board. The Board of Governors may not, however, alter, amend, or repeal any By-Law establishing the number of the Board of Governors or what establishes a quorum of the Board.
10.2 WAIVER OF THE BY-LAWS
Any or all of the By-Laws of this Conference may be waived at any meeting of the general membership or at any meeting of the Board of Governors whenever two-thirds of the members present and voting so vote; and provided further that a quorum be present at said meeting.
10.3 APPROVAL OF EXPENSE REIMBURSEMENT
For the expenses involved in administering this Conference, except for expense reimbursements and grants in aid as otherwise provided for in sections 4.3 and 4.4, all requests for expense reimbursement shall have been approved by the President or in the event of his/her absence, the President-Elect prior to payment by the Treasurer or Business Manager.
10.4 MEANS OF COMMUNICATION, MEETING AND NOTIFICATION
Any reference in these by-laws to: meeting, notify, mail, telephone or other type of communication may be interchanged, upon approval of the President, with similar types of communication as appropriate for the circumstances including, but not limited to, e-mail, teleconference and web posting.
SECTION 11: COMMITTEES
11.1 STANDING COMMITTEES
In order to address matters of continuing interest to the members, the Conference shall maintain such permanent ("standing") committees as the Board of Governors deems appropriate and necessary. Each Standing committee shall be chaired by a member of the Board of Governors.
11.2 SPECIAL AND AD HOC COMMITTEES
The President, with the advice and consent of the Board, may constitute additional special and ad hoc committees as needed to further the objectives of the Conference.
11.3 COMMITTEE CHAIRMEN
The President shall select the chairman of each committee upon the advice and consent of the Board.
11.4 BOARD LIAISON
At the President's discretion, each member of the Board of Governors may be assigned as liaison to at least one committee. The Board member so assigned shall serve as an ex officio member of that committee and shall work with the committee chairman to see that all committee recommendations receive the attention of the Board of Governors.
11.5 COMMITTEE MEMBERSHIP
The President or his/her designee shall select members of a committee.
11.6 COMMITTEE FUNCTIONS
Annual Conference and Educational. To assist the Board of Governors in selection of a site for future Annual Conference and Educational or general membership meetings; to coordinate preparation for the meetings; to oversee the logistics of conducting the meetings. To ensure the Annual Conference and Educational Meeting focuses Bankruptcy Court expertise on education and training issues of unique concern to Bankruptcy operations; to work in close coordination with the Federal Judicial Center in addressing identified needs. To locate speakers, arrange workshops and develop programs of interest and educational value for the Annual Conference and Educational meeting, addressing topics of interest to the Conference.
Awards. To coordinate the nomination and selection process relating such special awards as the Conference shall, from time to time, deem appropriate to recognize exceptional service and accomplishment.
Benefits. To research benefits needs of members and to explore and evaluate various benefits programs.
Deputy Clerks. To ensure that the Conference addresses concerns relating to deputy clerks in all areas.
Legislation and Rules. To assist the Conference in evaluation and policy matters arising from proposed legislation potentially affecting its membership or the bankruptcy system at large. When called upon, to assist the President or the Board in the drafting of proposed legislation to further the objectives of the Conference. To also stand ready to assist the Rules Committees of the Judicial Conference of the United States as requested; to focus rules and legislative initiatives of the Conference and its members to appropriate channels.
Membership. To develop materials and programs designed to advance membership growth and retention; to spearhead an ongoing membership drive working in close collaboration with local Conference representatives.
SECTION 12: CIRCUIT LIAISONS & LOCAL REPRESENTATIVES
12.1 CIRCUIT LIAISONS
The President, with the consent of the Board, may appoint Circuit Liaisons in each judicial circuit to coordinate the activities of the Conference within those circuits. Any member of the Conference with voting privileges is eligible to serve as a Circuit Liaison. If the size of the circuit so warrants, the President may appoint two such Circuit Liaisons within that circuit.
12.2 LOCAL REPRESENTATIVES
The Board of Governors may designate Local Representatives to coordinate the activities of the Conference within particular districts and/or divisional offices within a district. Any member of the Conference with voting privileges is eligible to serve as a Local Representative.
SECTION 13: BENEFIT PLANS
13.1 BENEFIT PLANS
a) Any voluntary benefit plan available to Qualified Members in Sections 3.1, 3.2 or 3.3 must be sponsored and endorsed by the NCBC.